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A thousand-year-old History: Iran is probably
 the cradle of hand-knotted carpets, from which come the most beautiful carpets in the world. 
This wonderful artisanal product has a very a long history. According to the existing sources, the first 
carpets were created by nomadic tribes which lloearned
over centuries to knot wool threads sheared from animals. According to scientists, the oldest carpet made by Persian weavers was produced back in fifth century BC. In Iran, this ancestral art has been preserved for 2500 years.

The Pazyryk carpet dated from the 5th. Century B.-C. was               discovered on the Oukok plateau where the pazyryk people used to live.

The Pazyryk carpet dated from the 5th. Century B.-C. was discovered on the Oukok plateau where the pazyryk people used to live.

An artisanal craftsmanship: Initially used to protect houses from the cold and bad spirits, carpets developed with time aesthetic codes. They become increasingly coloured while their decorative patterns became more rich and 
complex. Gradually, the use of carpets got transmitted to the sedentary population. It remains to date one of the most authentic testimonies of the quest for the beautiful.





A Ghashkaï woman coloring the wool

A Ghashkaï woman coloring the wool

An essential material: the wool: In Iran, wool is the main component used to weave carpets. The fine and supple fleece of Persian sheep with
 fat skin generates a type of wool of exceptional quality which results in highly resistant and sturdy Iranian carpets. Thanks to this wool, Iranian carpets have the reputation of being indestructible. This first-class wool material provides the basis for the velvet produced as a result of thousands of
 knots handmade around the carpet’s weft. Sometimes, cotton is also used to produce the velvet as it is more resistant than wool, however it is mainly used to design patterns of white color.
As an example,the nomadic Iranian tribeof 
Ghashkaï weaves carpets on a woolen weft.
 Their carpets are thus thicker, their velvet more fuzzy, but they are also less resistant.


A luxury material: silk: Natural silk is the most expensive and most precious material employed in carpets. The most renowned workshops have used silk up to the present day to produce 
luxurious carpets  or to underline  very refined
designs. In this case, silk can also be employed to produce the carpet’s weft.


A measure of quality: the number of knots: The quality and resistance characterizing the value of a carpet does not only lie in the raw materials used, but also in the number of knots per m². The finer the thread, the more knots the carpet has, and the better the carpet’s resistance. Persian carpets woven by nomadic tribes possess at least 350,000 knots per m².


An artistic expression composeof colours, drawings and patterns: Iranian artists are very skilful and endowed with an imagination that
 they reely express through the choice of their 
drawings and colours. Today, Persian carpets represent a leading economic activity for Iran. The beauty characterizing their wealth of designs and colours, as well as the quality of weaving
 conquered millions of amateurs throughout the world.




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